Photographer's Note

Famous Czechs

There are many ways to get to know a city.
We can find the past in the older buildings and the statues of important figures from the past.
We can find the modern city in the inhabitants how they live and what they look like and also in the modern architecture.
But there are also other less formal expressions that teach us more about the city and the country.
I found these three portraits of famous Czechs during our walk through Prague.

■ Picture 1: VŠclav Havel. .► ◄

VŠclav Havel (Prague, October 5, 1936 - HrŠdeček, December 18, 2011)
Czech writer, dissident and politician.
Havel started his career as a playwright. After the Prague Spring in 1968, he was banned from publication and became more and more active in the resistance against the Czechoslovak regime.
During the Velvet Revolution in 1989, Havel played an important role in the Civic Forum. On December 29, he was elected by parliament as president of Czechoslovakia. On July 5, 1990, he was elected president by parliament in free elections. In 1992, Czechoslovakia was split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia against Havel's wishes. In February 1993, Havel was elected president of the Czech Republic for five years. His re-election for a second five-year term followed in 1998. When the second term expired in 2003, a third term was constitutionally impossible.

■ Picture 2: Franz Kafka .► ◄

Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka (Prague, July 3, 1883 - Kierling, June 3, 1924) was a German-language writer who is considered one of the most important authors of the twentieth century.
Kafka is best known as the writer of the novels The Process and The End, as well as the novella The Transformation. His work seems to be characterized by a nightmarish, ominous atmosphere (known as Kafkaesque) in which bureaucracy and impersonal society are increasingly taking hold of the individual.

■ Picture 3. Millada HorŠkovŠ ► ◄

Millada HorŠkovŠ
Milada HorŠkovŠ (Prague, December 25, 1901 - there, June 27, 1950) was a Czech Social Democratic politician, doctor of law, champion of women's rights, resistance fighter during the Second World War and a concentration camp survivor.
Her criticism of the Czechoslovak communist regime has made her a target of the secret police. She was sentenced to death on trumped-up charges. She is the only woman executed by the communist regime for her political beliefs.
HorŠkovŠ has become a symbol of resistance to communism.

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Additional Photos by Rob Zwemmer (alvaraalto) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5674 W: 329 N: 11044] (43254)
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