Photographer's Note

The most beautiful part of Westminster Abbey is Henry VII Chapel. It contains the tombs of many British kings and queens, like Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Mary Stuart. It has beautiful stained glass windows, there are colourful flags, but the most amazing is the ceiling there.
The Henry VII Chapel is best known for its combination of pendant fan vault ceiling. Notably, this ceiling was also the first to combine pendants with fan vaulting.
The fan vault is created by first dividing the ceiling into groin vaulted compartments. These groin vaults are created by the combination of arches along the wall and larger, transverse arches bridging the nave of the chapel. In the fan vault at the Henry VII Chapel, the compartments are nearly square in shape. The compartments are then ribbed and paneled. Ribs, of the same curve and size, are cut from single pieces of stone and rebated so to best fit with the panels. The curved ribs, extending from the same point on the wall, are spaced equidistant from each other, forming conoid shapes. The resulting conoids, however, require great compressive forces to keep shape.The pendants serve an additional structural purpose. The pendants are cut from single stones and inserted as wedge stones in the transverse arches. (Wiki)

The Henry VII Lady Chapel, now more often known just as the Henry VII Chapel, is a large Lady chapel at the far eastern end of Westminster Abbey, paid for by the will of King Henry VII. It is separated from the rest of the abbey by brass gates and a flight of stairs. The structure of the chapel is a three-aisled nave composed of four bays. The apse of the chapel contains the altar, and behind that, the tombs of Henry VII and his wife as well as of James I. There are five apsidal chapels.

The chapel is built in a very late Perpendicular Gothic style, the magnificence of which caused John Leland to call it the orbis miraculum (the wonder of the world). The tombs of several monarchs including Henry VII, Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, James I, Charles II and Mary, Queen of Scots are found in the chapel.
The chapel has also been the mother church of the Order of the Bath since 1725, and the banners of members hang above the stalls. (Wiki)

See also two Workshops.

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 13613 W: 141 N: 35295] (158988)
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